Browse Entries: I

there are 330 entries under the letter I

iaqua

1. n.

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ice ((n.))

1. n. the ice, the seal-hunting grounds on the edge of the icefields in the North Atlantic.

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ice ((v.))

1. v. put a team on the ice, equipped and ready to play.

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ice anchorage

1. an engineering technique for slowing down the flow of a river during break-up, involving the dredging of holes into the river bottom so that the ice will build up, forming a barrier.

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ice barricade

1. an ice mass formed by pans drifting to shore and being subjected to showers of freezing spray, eventually becoming barricades between the land and the water.

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ice carnival

1. an organized winter social activity featuring winter sports, beauty contests, ice-sculpture, etc.

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ice clamper

1. one of the large chunks of ice that pile up on the shore, especially during spring break-up.

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ice cruiser

1. a large tracked vehicle designed to carry persons and goods across country over snow and ice.

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ice crust

1. See quote.

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ice field

1. an expanse of fresh-water ice from which ice blocks are taken for refrigeration purposes.

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ice fishing

1. the practice of fishing through holes in the ice, either for sport or commercially.

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ice flood

1. the annual thrusting forward and expansion of river ice during break-up, with special reference to the St. Lawrence River, where the phenomenon was accompanied with much flooding and considerable danger.

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ice fox

1. a smallish fox, Alopex lagopus, of the northern regions, white in winter but blue-gray to brownish at other times.

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ice harvest

1. the annual cutting and storing of blocks of ice used for refrigeration.

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ice hockey

1. a sport played on ice on a board-enclosed rink by two teams of six men each whose object is to shoot a puck into the opponents' goal.

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ice hummock

1. See hummock (def. 2) quotes.

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ice hut

1. a small building towed onto the ice in winter and used by ice-fishermen as shelter while angling through holes cut in the ice "floor."

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ice lanes

1. hockey (with reference to the players' movements up and down the ice while playing his position).

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ice lens

1. a layer of ice in permafrost..

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ice pad

1. n. an ice rink used for skating or playing winter sports.

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ice palace

1. a building made of blocks of clear ice.

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ice pool

1. a sweepstake, the winner being the person who makes the closest guess as to the date of the break-up (def. 1) in spring, as marked by the actual movement of the ice.

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ice racket

1. a device for scooping ice fragments from fishing holes to keep them from freezing over.

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ice road

1. n. a road built on the frozen surfaces of rivers or lakes, or over marshes or muskeg, that can only be used in winter (see Image 1).

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ice time

1. the amount of time actually spent on the ice by a player taking part in the game.

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ice-angling

1. n. the practice of fishing through holes in the ice, either for sport or commercially.

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ice-axe

1. n. an ice-cutting tool. See ice chisel 1848 quote and picture.

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ice-ball

1. n. a ball-like bit of ice that forms on the paws of sled dogs, under the hooves of horses, etc.

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ice-bank

1. n. See bourdigneau 1950 quote.

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ice-bar

1. n. an ice-cutting tool. See ice-chisel 1848 quote and picture.

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ice-belt

1. n. sea ice that is anchored to the shore and extends seaward in a great shelf.

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ice-blind ((adj.))

1. adj. temporary blind from exposure to the glare from expanses of ice.

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ice-blind ((n.))

1. n. See quote.

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ice-blink

1. n. See 1954 quote.

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ice-bridge

1. n. a bridge across a river, bay, etc., formed by the natural freezing of the water and used as a means of crossing from one shore to the other.

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ice-cake

1. n. a piece or slab of ice.

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ice-canoe

1. n. a sturdy small boat long used in crossing the St. Lawrence in winter, its trained crew propelling it, often loaded with freight and passengers, through swift currents choked with ice-cakes and manhandling it over the sharp, uneven ice banks, or bourdigneaux.

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ice-canoe race

1. an exhausting race across the St. Lawrence River by crews in ice-canoes, nowadays a traditional spectacle at Quebec City's annual winter carnival.

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ice-chisel

1. n. an ice-cutting tool. See 1848 quote.

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ice-cream festival

1. a social gathering, as of a church group, at which ice cream is served.

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ice-cream parlo(u)r

1. a shop which sells ice-cream, sodas, sundaes, etc.

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ice-cream social

1. a social gathering, as of a church group, at which ice cream is served.

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ice-creepers

1. n. one of a pair of metal bands or plates equipped with caulks (def. 1) or spikes and attached to boots or overshoes for walking on icy surfaces.

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ice-cutter

1. n. an ice-cutting tool. See chisel 1848 quote and picture.

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ice-fisherman

1. n. a person who engages in ice fishing.

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ice-fishing hut

1. a small building towed onto the ice in winter and used by ice-fishermen as shelter while angling through holes cut in the ice "floor."

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ice-foot

1. n. sea ice that is anchored to the shore and extends seaward in a great shelf. See shore-ice (def. 1) 1954 quote.

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ice-grind

1. n. the eroding action of ice in contact with shore rock.

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ice-house

1. n. a structure usually having insulated walls and roof, used as a storage place for meat and other perishables, the refrigerant being blocks of ice.

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ice-hunter

1. n. a person taking part in the seal fishery.

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ice-hunting

1. n. the hunting of seals.

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ice-jam

1. n. a pile-up of ice-cakes in a river or other narrow watercourse.

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ice-jammed

1. adj. blocked by an ice-jam.

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ice-land

1. v. stack pulpwood or logs on the ice in winter so that they will be ready for driving at the break-up (def. 1) in spring.

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ice-landing

1. n. the place where logs are ice-landed.

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ice-ledge

1. n. sea ice that is anchored to the shore and extends seaward in a great shelf.

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ice-lip

1. n. sea ice that is anchored to the shore and extends seaward in a great shelf.

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ice-master

1. n. an experienced seaman who cons a ship through sea ice.

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ice-mate

1. n. the man in charge of a party of sealers on the ice (def. 1).

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ice-motor

1. n. See quote.

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ice-out season

1. the period of time taken for the ice in rivers and lakes to soften, crack up, and disappear.

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ice-pack

1. n. an expanse of ice made up of many small pans or floes tightly packed together.

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ice-pan

1. n. a fairly substantial slab of ice broken off from a large expanse of ice; an ice floe.

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ice-pilot

1. n. an experienced seaman who cons a ship through sea ice.

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ice-pit

1. n. a cold-storage pit for preserving food, especially meat and fish.

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ice-pole

1. n. a long, strong pole used by seamen for levering and thrusting against ice floes, etc.

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ice-pounder

1. n. See quote.

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ice-raft

1. n. a fairly substantial slab of ice broken off from a large expanse of ice; an ice floe.

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ice-railway

1. n. a winter railway built in 1880 on the ice of the St. Lawrence River between Montreal and Longueil, Quebec, the tracks being taken up in April each year until 1882, when the service was discontinued.

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ice-road

1. n. a winter route across a river, lake, etc.

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ice-roller

1. n. one of a number of low ridges from 30 to 40 feet high that are characteristic of shore-ice (def. 1).

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ice-run

1. n. the annual thrusting forward and expansion of river ice during break-up, with special reference to the St. Lawrence River, where the phenomenon was accompanied with much flooding and considerable danger.

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ice-scoop

1. n. a device for scooping ice fragments from fishing holes to keep them from freezing over.

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ice-scooter

1. n. a boat equipped with runners, driven by an airscrew, and designed to operate on ice or water. See picture at scoot.

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ice-shelf

1. n. sea ice that is anchored to the shore and extends seaward in a great shelf.

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ice-shove

1. n. See quote.

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ice-storm

1. n. See quote.

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ice-strip

1. n. a landing strip on ice.

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ice-trap

1. n. an engineering technique for slowing down the flow of a river during break-up, involving the dredging of holes into the river bottom so that the ice will build up, forming a barrier.

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ice-vault

1. n. a cold-storage pit for preserving food, especially meat and fish.

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ice-velocipede

1. n. See quote.

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ice-wall

1. n. an ice mass formed by pans drifting to shore and being subjected to showers of freezing spray, eventually becoming barricades between the land and the water.

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ice-worm

1. n. a mythical creature born as a practical joke in the Yukon during the Klondike gold rush.

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ice-worm cocktail

1. a cocktail, originally served in the Klondike, having as a basic ingredient ice-worms—actually bits of spaghetti or macaroni.

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ice-yachting

1. n. the recreation of sailing an iceboat (def. 2).

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iceboat

1. n. a small boat rigged to travel over ice.

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iceboater

1. n. a strong, often triangular, frame mounted on runners and equipped with a sail and rudder, used as a pleasure craft on frozen lakes and rivers.

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iceboating

1. n. the recreation of sailing an iceboat (def. 2).

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icefish

1. v. engage in ice fishing.

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iceman

1. n. a sailor or sealer experienced at moving about on the ice or in the ice fields.

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icewine

1. n. a sweet wine made from grapes that are left to freeze on the vine and are harvested and pressed while frozen.

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icing ((1))

1. n. a layer of ice applied to dogsled runners.

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icing ((2))

1. n. & adj. the infraction committed when a player "ices" the puck, which causes the play to be stopped and the puck brought back to the offending team's end.

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icing ((3))

1. n. a mixture usually based on sugar and butter used to decorate or cover cakes and other baked goods (see Image 1).

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ictas

1. n. pl.

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icties

1. n. pl.

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ictus

1. n. pl.

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idiot stick

1. a small, card replica of a totem pole sold widely to souvenir buyers in British Columbia and elsewhere.

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idiot string

1. n. a string that attaches small objects, usually mittens but also tools or other small items, to clothing to prevent loss (see Image 1).

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Idle No More

1. n. a movement for indigenous sovereignty and land conservation.

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igloo

1. n. & adj. a domed structure built of blocks of hard snow (see Images 1 & 2).

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ikkumer

1. n. a kudlik or other lamp.

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ikomer

1. n.

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iktas

1. n. goods; belongings; things.

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Ile St. Jean

1.

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illahie

1. n. country; field; homeland; place.

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Illinois capote

1. a heavy blue capote (def. 1) furnished with metal buttons and worn as a part of the winter uniform by servants of the Hudson's Bay Company.

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immigrant car

1. a railway car carrying immigrants, as on an immigrant train.

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immigrant coach

1.

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immigrant house

1. a building equipped to shelter immigrants newly arrived in the country.

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immigrant language

1. n. & adj. the mother tongue or native language of an immigrant to Canada that is neither English, French nor any of the 50+ Aboriginal languages that are native to Canada.

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immigrant shed

1.

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immigrant society

1. a charitable organization dedicated to looking after immigrants and watching out for their interests.

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immigrant train

1. a railway train carrying immigrants at low rates to their new places of settlement.

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immigration agent

1. a government official appointed to assist immigrants to find land or employment on their arrival in Canada.

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immigration officer

1. a government official appointed to assist immigrants to find land or employment on their arrival in Canada.

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immigration shed

1. a building equipped to shelter immigrants newly arrived in the country.

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immigration society

1. a charitable organization dedicated to looking after immigrants and watching out for their interests.

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immigration train

1. a railway train carrying immigrants at low rates to their new places of settlement.

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impaired

1. adj. under the influence of an intoxicant, usually alcohol.

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import

1. n. a player who is brought in from elsewhere to play for a team representing a town, province, company, etc.

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improve

1. v. increase the value of land by preparing it for cultivation, erecting buildings, enclosing with fences, etc., often as a condition required by the government in making a grant.

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improved

1. adj. See 1913 quote.

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improved Britisher

1. n. an immigrant from the British Isles, especially an Englishman, who has been in Canada long enough to have lost some of his native shortcomings.

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improved Scotsman

1. n. a half-breed, especially a Scotch half-breed.

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improvement

1. n. the clearing of land, provision of fences, buildings, etc. as required of settlers receiving grants of land or, later, holding land under the homestead laws. See 1824 quote.

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improvement district

1.

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in store

1.

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in the country

1. in or into the wilderness of the northern forests or barrens (def. 2).

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in the hair

1. with the hair intact. See 1921 quote.

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in the meat

1. of furs or skins, attached to the animal's body.

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inconnu

1. n. a fresh-water food fish, Stenodus mackenzii, native to the rivers and lakes of the Yukon and the Northwest Territories, having pinkish flesh when prime and averaging about twelve pounds, though occasionally running as high as forty.

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incorporated village

1. a village that has an independent form of local government, separate from surrounding townships.

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indemnify

1. v. pay an indemnity (to).

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indemnity

1. n. the money received by a member of parliament or of a legislative assembly in return for his services and in compensation for loss of personal income.

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Independent Doukhobor

1. one of a group of Doukhobors who do not subscribe to violence.

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Indian

1. n. any descendant of the first peoples of North America.

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Indian Act

1. a federal act governing Indian affairs, first passed in 1876 and revised in 1951.

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Indian affairs

1. all matters arising out of the government's relations with the Indians.

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Indian agency

1. the government agency responsible for the well-being of Indians in a given area, especially those on a reserve; also, the area of jurisdiction of this agency.

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Indian agent

1. an official representing the Indian Affairs Branch of the federal government in its dealings with and responsibilities toward the Indians in a certain agency, reserve, or district.

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Indian awl

1. a square, double-ended awl of steel, used in canoe-making, Lather-working, etc.

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Indian blanket

1. a blanket made for or by Indians, formerly much used by them as a robe.

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Indian boarding school

1. a mission school where Indian students live in.

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Indian boot

1. a kind of sturdy moccasin having uppers reaching well up the lower leg; shoe pack (def. 1).

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Indian brandy

1. brandy, rum, whisky, or high wines (often diluted and sometimes spiced with pepper, Tabasco, tobacco, or weak acids) traded to the Indians.

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Indian bread

1. See quote.

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Indian bread-root

1. See prairie turnip 1892 quote.

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Indian camp

1. an Indian encampment or village.

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Indian captain

1. the leader and spokesman of a band of Indians trading at a fur post, often appointed by the factor and rewarded with a captain's coat.

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Indian carrot

1. See prairie turnip 1892 quote.

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Indian clock

1. See quote.

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Indian coat

1. a gaudy garment or outfit of clothing presented to an Indian leader or "captain" (def. 2) as an inducement to trade furs.

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Indian collar

1. See quote.

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Indian Commission

1. a government commission having the responsibility of dealing with the Indians, making treaties, establishing reserves, etc.

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Indian Commissioner

1. an officer of the Indian Commission.

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Indian constable

1. an Indian employed by the R.C.M.P., earlier the N.W.M.P., as a constable with limited authority on a reserve or in other regions occupied by Indians.

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Indian corn

1. maize, Zea mays.

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Indian country

1. a region inhabited by Indians.

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Indian cradle

1. a thin, rectangular board to which a moss bag is fastened and in which infants are carried. See picture at cradle-board.

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Indian cup

1. an herb, Sarracenia purpurea, whose leaves form into pitcher-shaped receptacles that entrap insects, adopted as the floral emblem of Newfoundland.

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Indian day school

1. a mission or government school, usually on a reserve, attended in the daytime only.

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Indian Days

1. an exhibition during which Indians revive tribal customs, as traditional dress and dances, often in conjunction with a stampede or rodeo.

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Indian debt

1. credit extended to hunters and trappers in the form of supplies to be paid for out of the coming year's catch.

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Indian debt book

1. the ledger in which debt (def. 1) was recorded together with furs and other payments credited against that debt.

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Indian deer

1. a species of caribou (def. 1), Rangifer tarandus, of the forested areas of northern Canada.

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Indian Department

1. the government agency responsible for relations with Indians (now the Indian Affairs Branch).

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Indian devil

1. a large fur-bearing animal, Gulo luscus, of the northern forests and tundra, noted for its guile and craftiness.

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Indian dog

1. any of various breeds of dog found among the Indians, as the giddee.

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Indian drum

1. a drum consisting of a sheet of parchment leather stretched on a wooden hoop.

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Indian fence

1. two converging lines of fencing, as poles, piles of turf or brush, etc., used in early times in deer drives.

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Indian file

1. one after another; single file.

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Indian grant

1. a grant of land in a region formerly inhabited by Indians.

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Indian grass

1. a species of North American grass, Sorghastrum nutans, used for basket-making by eastern Indians; sweet grass.

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Indian guest room

1. the building or room in which Indians were received when bringing furs or other goods to trade.

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Indian gun

1. a type of muzzle-loader prominent among the trading goods of the fur companies.

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Indian hall

1. the building or room in which Indians were received when bringing furs or other goods to trade.

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Indian hammer

1. a globular stone having a groove chipped out around the smaller circumference for the attachment of a handle, used as a pounding instrument by the early Indians.

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Indian hen

1. the American bittern, Botaurus lentiginosus.

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Indian horse

1. Originally, a wild pony, a mustang; later generalized in the West as a name for any horse, often with a derogatory or contemptuous connotation.

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Indian house

1. the building or room in which Indians were received when bringing furs or other goods to trade.

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Indian hunter

1. a hunter, usually an Indian, employed by a fur company to provide meat for a fort.

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Indian ice-cream

1. a pinkish, frothy substance having a somewhat bitter taste, made from beating soapberries (def. 2).

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Indian leaf

1. a smoking mixture varying as to ingredients from tribe to tribe and place to place, but including bearberry or sumac leaves, the inner bark of red-osier dogwood, and, often, tobacco.

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Indian leggings

1. a pair of coverings for the legs, usually made of dressed skins and often reaching from ankles to hips, where they are fastened to a belt, originally used by the Indians.

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Indian liquor

1. brandy, rum, whisky, or high wines (often diluted and sometimes spiced with pepper, Tabasco, tobacco, or weak acids) traded to the Indians.

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Indian list

1. See 1913 quote.

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Indian lodge

1. an Indian dwelling, as a teepee or wigwam (def. 1a).

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Indian longhouse

1. among Coast Indians, a long rectangular communal dwelling, built of cedar, housing several families, and used at times for ceremonial affairs.

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Indian mark

1. See quote.

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Indian moccasin

1. a flat-soled shoe of soft leather, originally worn by the Indians. See picture at moccasin (def. 1).

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Indian office

1. the government agency responsible for the well-being of Indians in a given area, especially those on a reserve; also, the area of jurisdiction of this agency.

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Indian outfit

1. the trading goods and supplies taken into the interior by fur-company employees such as traders and runners, by free traders, etc.

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Indian pack

1. a package of furs weighing about 60 pounds, smaller than the normal piece (def. 1) which weighed 90 pounds.

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Indian pad

1. See quote.

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Indian paint

1. red and yellow iron pigments.

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Indian paint fungus

1. a brightly-colored tooth fungus, Echinodontium tinctorum, of the Rocky Mountain region that attacks trees such as fir and spruce.

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Indian paint-brush

1. any of various wild flowers, Castilleja sp., having bright scarlet to orangey floral bracts.

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Indian parlo(u)r

1. the building or room in which Indians were received when bringing furs or other goods to trade.

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Indian pass

1. a mountain pass used by the Indians.

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Indian pay-list

1. the record kept by the Indian Affairs Branch of the federal government for all Indians in receipt of treaty money, or equivalent payment.

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Indian pear

1. the fruit of any of these plants.

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Indian pig

1. See quote.

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Indian pipe

1. a pale parasitic plant, Monotropa uniflora, found in compost in damp places.

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Indian pitch

1. n. a resinous substance exuded from certain evergreen trees, especially the spruce, as used for waterproofing the seams of birchbark canoes.

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Indian place-congregation

1. an independent community of Christian Indians living on lands belonging to the Moravian Brethren.

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Indian placement-officer

1. an official of the Indian Affairs Branch who tries to provide Indians with employment opportunities outside the reserve.

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Indian pony

1. n. Originally, a wild pony, a mustang; later generalized in the West as a name for any horse, often with a derogatory or contemptuous connotation.

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Indian porcupine

1. a porcupine, Erethizon dorsatum.

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Indian post ((1))

1. a fur post trading with Indians.

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Indian post ((2))

1. a method of postal delivery in which a letter was given to an Indian who took it as far as he was going, passing it to another, and so on until it eventually reached the addressee.

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Indian potato

1. any of several tubers used as food, especially by the Indians, as the wapatoo.

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Indian price

1. an exorbitant price, with reference to the high cost of beer or liquor illegally sold to the Indians.

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Indian rack

1. a small rack used for hauling sheaves to a barn or threshing machine.

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Indian racket

1. a snowshoe.

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Indian rancheria

1.

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Indian rancherie

1.

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Indian Register

1. n. & adj. the record kept by the federal government of the names of all status Indians.

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Indian remittance man

1. See quote.

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Indian reservation

1. a tract of land set aside by the government for the exclusive use of a band of Indians, usually by treaty.

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Indian reserve

1. a tract of land set aside by the government for the exclusive use of a band of Indians, usually by treaty.

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Indian residential hostel

1. a residential boarding house for Eskimos or Indians attending school away from home

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Indian residential school

1. a boarding school operated or subsidized by the federal government to accommodate students, especially Indians and Eskimos, attending classes at a considerable distance from their homes.

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Indian rhubarb

1. a herb of the western mountain region, Peltiphyllum peltatum, with edible leaf stalks.

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Indian rice

1. See wild rice 1963 quote.

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Indian room

1. the building or room in which Indians were received when bringing furs or other goods to trade.

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Indian rum

1. brandy, rum, whisky, or high wines (often diluted and sometimes spiced with pepper, Tabasco, tobacco, or weak acids) traded to the Indians.

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Indian salad

1. the water leaf, Hydrophyllum virginianum, the young shoots of which are highly prized as a salad.

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Indian sash

1. a belt or waistband, often of worsted and of bright design, as the L'Assomption sash, characteristic of French Canada and long identified with the voyageurs and MĂ©tis.

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Indian shoe

1. a flat-soled shoe of soft leather, originally worn by the Indians. See picture at moccasin (def. 1).

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Indian shop

1. the room in a trading post (def. 1) where the actual bartering takes place.

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Indian slave

1. an Indian held as a slave, either by another Indian or a white person.

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Indian sled

1. See toboggan n. (def. 1a) 1820 quote. See also picture at toboggan n. (def. 1a).

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Indian sleigh

1.

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Indian slipper

1. a flat-soled shoe of soft leather, originally worn by the Indians. See picture at moccasin (def. 1).

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Indian squaw

1.

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Indian stockings

1. a pair of coverings for the legs, usually made of dressed skins and often reaching from ankles to hips, where they are fastened to a belt, originally used by the Indians.

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Indian storehouse

1. the room in a trading post (def. 1) where the actual bartering takes place.

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Indian summer

1. a period of mild weather in late fall, often accompanied by a slightly smoky haze.

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Indian superintendent

1. an official representing the Indian Affairs Branch of the federal gornment in its dealings with and responsibilities toward the Indians in a certain agency, reserve, or district. Formerly called Indian agent, as still in popular usage.

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Indian sweater

1. a heavy sweater of gray, unbleached wool, knitted by the Cowichan Indians of southern Vancouver Island, distinguished by symbolic designs, originally black and white, now sometimes multi-colored.

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Indian tariff

1. See 1907 quote.

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Indian tea

1. either of two closely related evergreen shrubs, Ledum groenlandicum and L. decumbens var. palustre.

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Indian tea-plant

1. either of two closely related evergreen shrubs, Ledum groenlandicum and L. decumbens var. palustre.

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Indian teepee

1.

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Indian teepee ring

1. a ring of stones used to hold down a tent, such as a teepee or tupek, often remaining in position after the tent has been removed.

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Indian territory

1. a region inhabited by Indians.

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Indian title

1. the claim by Indians to rights of ownership of land by virtue of its being occupied by Indians before the coming of the white man.

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Indian tobacco

1. a poisonous plant, Lobelia inflata, used as tobacco.

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Indian trade

1. trade with the Indians, especially for furs.

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Indian trader

1. a person engaging in trade with the Indians, especially a fur trader.

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Indian trading room

1.

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Indian treaty

1. one of a number of official agreements between the federal government and certain Indian bands whereby the Indians forego their right to certain lands, except for stipulated reserves, and accept treaty money, a supply of rations, and other kinds of government assistance, including protection and supervision.

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Indian turnip

1. See prairie turnip 1892 quote.

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Indian whisky

1. brandy, rum, whisky, or high wines (often diluted and sometimes spiced with pepper, Tabasco, tobacco, or weak acids) traded to the Indians.

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Indian wigwam

1.

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Indian winter

1. a cold spell following the onset of spring.

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Indian wrestling

1. one of several forms of wrestling formerly used in trials of strength by the Indians and involving two persons who, by locking hands or legs, attempt to overpower each other.

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Indianize

1. v. cause (someone) to become like an Indian in manner, dress, outlook, etc.

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Indianware

1. n. articles made by Indians after the fashion of their traditional culture.

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indications

1. n. pl. evidence of mineral deposits of economic value.

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indigenous

1. n. & adj. the original inhabitants of what is now Canada.

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indignation meeting

1. a public meeting at which citizens express themselves regarding government actions that are regarded as abuses.

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indoor trapping

1. stealing furs from a fur-company's warehouse.

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indorsation

1. n.

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indulgence passage

1. passage on a trans-Atlantic vessel at a special rate for persons connected with the armed services; hence, indulgence passenger.

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infidel dish

1. See quotes.

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Injin

1. n. adj.

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Injun

1. n. adj.

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inland

1. n. See Indian country (def. 2) 1948 quote.

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inland boat

1. an inland freight boat, descended from the bateau, in common use from the early 1820's but used for tripping as early as 1790, and finally withdrawn from service entirely about 1930. See picture at York boat.

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Inland Eskimo

1. one of a group of Eskimos living in the Central Arctic inland from the west coast of Hudson Bay.

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inland packet

1. a party of special messengers travelling light by foot, canoe, or dog team and entrusted with conveying messages, correspondence, and other documents between posts; also, the system of employing such messengers.

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inland piece

1. a package of furs or goods weighing 100 pounds, as opposed to the standard 90-pound piece (def. 1).

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inland seas

1. Lakes Ontario, Erie, Huron, Michigan, and Superior.

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inlander

1. n. a fur-company employee working in the Indian country (def. 2).

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Inlander

1. n. one of a group of Eskimos living in the Central Arctic inland from the west coast of Hudson Bay.

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inner cabinet

1.

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inshore ice

1. sea ice that is anchored to the shore and extends seaward in a great shelf.

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inside ((adv.))

1. adv. in the sparsely settled regions of the Far North.

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inside ((n.))

1. n. the sparsely settled regions of the Far North, especially the Yukon and Northwest Territories.

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inside lot

1. See quote.

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insider

1. n. a person who lives in the Far North.

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inspectioneer

1. n. See quote.

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insulin

1. n. an extract from the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas, used in the treatment of diabetes.

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insurance goal

1. in certain sports, a goal that puts the scoring team two goals ahead of its opponents.

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integrated school

1. a school attended by the children of both whites and native Indians who are charges of the federal government, which pays the tuition of the Indian children by arrangement with the provincial department of education.

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integration

1. n. the policy or action of integrating the three armed services in areas of administration and operation where effort was formerly duplicated and therefore uneconomical.

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intendant

1. n. the head of the civil administration in New France.

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Interac

1. n. & adj. a national electronic system using a debit card and PIN that allows cardholders to access their bank account at automated teller machines or to pay retailers.

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intercolonial railway

1. a railway linking the Maritimes with Quebec and Ontario, the beginnings of the transcontinental railway.

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interdict ((n.))

1. n. a person who has been placed on the interdict list.

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interdict ((v.))

1. v. of a district, have laws forbidding the sale of wine and spirits.

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interdict list

1. a list of persons who have been placed under legal restraint in the buying, selling, or consuming of liquor.

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interdicted list

1. a list of persons who have been placed under legal restraint in the buying, selling, or consuming of liquor.

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interdiction

1. n. legal restraint from buying, selling, or using liquor.

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interdiction list

1. a list of persons who have been placed under legal restraint in the buying, selling, or consuming of liquor.

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interdiction order

1. a legal instrument placing a person or persons on the interdict list.

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interior

1. n. See Indian country (def. 2) 1948 quote.

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interoceanic

1. adj. from the Atlantic to the Pacific coast of Canada; transcontinental.

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interprovincial

1. adj. between two or more provinces of Canada; from province to province.

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interval

1. n. the low-lying land adjacent to a river, usually of rich soil because of alluvial deposits left by spring freshets.

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interval house

1. n. a home operated by a volunteer collective or social services organization, usually to accommodate and support abused women and their children.

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interval(e) island

1. an island caused by the settling of alluvial soils behind some obstruction in a river.

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interval(e) land

1. the low-lying land adjacent to a river, usually of rich soil because of alluvial deposits left by spring freshets.

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intervale

1. n.

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into the country

1. n.

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Inuit

1. n. pl. any of several Aboriginal peoples inhabiting the Arctic regions of Canada.

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Inuk

1. n. a man, especially one superior to other men.

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inukshuk

1. n. a cairn constructed by Eskimos to resemble a man's outline and serving as a landmark, or, in some parts of the Arctic, as one of the deadmen (def. 1) in a deer hedge.

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Inuktitut

1. n. & adj. any of the many related dialects spoken by the Inuit.

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invigilate

1. v. to watch over or supervise students at an examination.

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Irish miner's shovel

1. a long-handled shovel used to bury bake kettles in hot sand in a camboose (def. 2).

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iron chink

1. n. a machine to gut and clean fish (see Image 1).

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iron horse

1. a railway locomotive.

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iron of the country

1. strips of leather, or thongs, made from the hide of a moose, caribou, etc. used for laces, threads, netting, etc.

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Iron Stone

1. See Manitou Stone quotes.

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iron-nose

1. n. a fish, Salmo gairdnerii, of the Pacific coast, which spawns in fresh water after two or three years in the sea.

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ironbender

1. n. a strict disciplinarian.

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ironwood

1. n. a hardwood tree, Ostrya virginiana, native to central and eastern Canada; also its wood.

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isaacer

1. n. an adult male caribou (def. 1).

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Ishmaels of the prairies

1. the Blackfoot Confederacy. See quotes.

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island

1. n. a clump of trees on the prairie, in a meadow, etc.

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Island of St. John('s)

1. n. the early French name for Prince Edward Island.

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isle d'arbres

1. a clump of trees on the prairie, in a meadow, etc.

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Isle St. Jean

1. the early French name for Prince Edward Island.

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islet de bois

1. a clump of trees on the prairie, in a meadow, etc.

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isletin

1. n. an early name for insulin.

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isolation pay

1. n. supplementary income granted to employees working in isolated areas, usually in northern Canada.

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